Using HandBrake/x264 to encode a video, could result in better picture quality and smaller file sizes, compared to encoding the same video in Vegas Pro using Magix AVC, MainConcept AVC or Sony AVC.

I often get asked about how to render video from Vegas Pro into Handbrake. For many years, the gurus and power geeks of the Vegas Pro community, have known the secret of how to frame-serve output from Vegas Pro directly into Handbrake and use the Handbrake x264 encoder to render their projects instead of using one of the included Vegas Pro encoders. I will admit that I resisted trying this approach for a long time, because reports on various Vegas Pro forums, seemed to suggest that setting up this workflow was complicated and sometimes problematic. In hindsight I should have experimented with this rendering technique a long time ago, because it can definitely help render better quality video in particular circumstances.

Topics covered in this Vegas-to-Handbrake tutorial

Origins and Developers of the Vegas-to-Handbrake technique
What is Handbrake and why Render Video with it ?
Can you render video directly from Vegas Movie Studio Platinum to Handbrake ? 
What is Frame Serving ?
Preparation and Warning before you start - please read!
Instructions for Vegas Pro to Handbrake Video Rendering
Special Note about Virus Scanners and .exe files inside of Folder
How to use Vegas-to-HandBrake in Vegas Pro

Origins and Developers of the Vegas-to-Handbrake technique

vegas pro to handbrake 1 thumbnailI cannot take credit for most of the information in this tutorial. Much smarter people than myself, have provided instructions on how to setup frame-serving from Vegas Pro into Handbrake. However the instructions for how to do this, are spread out on various websites and forums and to my knowledge, no one has written an updated instruction set that works correctly in the latest versions of Vegas Pro, like Vegas Pro 14 and 15.

The best tutorial that existed for this technique was originally created by www.vegasvideo.de, however this website has since shut down. Some parts of this new Movie Studio Zen version have been copied directly from the original web page and from new information posted by Marco and Nick on the official Vegas Pro forums. I thank both people for sharing their knowledge on how to setup the Vegas-to-Handbrake workflow.

What is Handbrake and why Render Video with it ?

HandBrake is a free open-source video transcoder for converting video from nearly any format to a selection of modern, widely supported codecs. The advantage of using Handbrake, is that it has many advanced settings that can be customised for specific types of video environments. Having access to these advanced settings for transcoding video, gives you the ability to export superior quality video with smaller file sizes - this is basically the Holy Grail of video encoding.

Handbrake is well known and respected in the Vegas community, as a top shelf video converter. It also offers superior deinterlacing and scaling using Lanczos 3.

To involve HandBrake, usually you would render a very high quality intermediate from Vegas Pro. An intermediate video is typically extremely large in file size, because it is not compressed like a final delivery version of your project should be.

You would then import this intermediate into HandBrake to start the AVC encoding. Unfortunately this introduces a certain amount of additional render time and needs large amounts of hard drive storage space, before you could even start the encoding within HandBrake. It's a laborious process which takes even more time if you need to make corrections to your original Vegas Pro project.

Instead of rendering your video twice (first in Vegas Pro and second in Handbrake), you can use a process called frame-serving to send the output from Vegas directly into Handbrake for encoding to a final delivery format, ready for upload to YouTube or where ever it will be viewed.

Can you render video directly from Vegas Movie Studio Platinum to Handbrake ? 

The technique taught in this tutorial, will only work in Vegas Pro. You cannot frame-serve video directly from Vegas Movie Studio Platinum to Handbrake, because VMSP does not have a Script function like Vegas Pro does.

However, you can render video from Vegas Movie Studio Platinum with Handbrake, by doing a double render.
You will first have to render to a high quality intermediate format like Avid DNxHD and then manually import your video into Handbrake and do a second render.

I have created two unique tutorials specifically for Vegas Movie Studio Platinum users, which show the best ways for exporting a high quality "intermediate" video, ready for a 2nd encode with Handbrake.

How to render Avid DNxHD video from Vegas Pro and Vegas Movie Studio
How to Render Video from Vegas Movie Studio Platinum to Handbrake

What is Frame Serving ?

Frame-serving is a process by which you directly transfer video data from one program on your computer to another. No intermediate or temporary files are created. The program that opens the source file(s) and outputs the video data is called the frameserver.

The original method of rendering video with Handbrake from Vegas Pro, was developed by www.vegasvideo.de - their method automates all the annoying steps, replacing them by a single mouse-click. At the same time rendering an intermediate is replaced by using frameserving. It's just like you would use HandBrake as a plug-in in Vegas Pro.

Preparation and Warning before you start - please read!

To follow is the Movie Studio Zen recipe for how to frame-serve Vegas Pro output into Handbrake and use the x264 encoder to render your projects. This is an Advanced tutorial and requires patience and precision to setup correctly. No steps will be skipped in this guide! 

This workflow was successfully tested with (Sony) Vegas Pro 13, (Magix) Vegas Pro 14 and 15 on Windows 10 (64 bit) version 1809 (OS build 17134.81).

You will need to install Handbrake, DebugMode FrameServer, AviSynth, Pismo File Mount and AVFS, and two scripts need to be copied to the Vegas Pro Script Menu folder and a certain folder containing some batch and .exe files need to get moved to the main partition C:\. Links to all these files and tools will be available in the article below.

The initial installation and configuration will take at least 20 minutes. Keep in mind that you only have to set this workflow up once and the automation offered afterward, will save you a lot more time in the future.

Please note that Movie Studio Zen is not responsible for any problems you may experience, with the software required to make this tutorial work. To proceed with this tutorial, you do so at your own risk. I always recommend users take a backup of their computer and create a Windows Restore Point, before installing new software and scripts. In the unlikely case that something goes wrong, you will be able to restore your computer back to full health. During my own testing of this workflow, I experienced no problems or errors after installing all of the required programs and files.

Instructions for Vegas Pro to Handbrake Video Rendering

Step 1 - Install Handbrake

Download and install Handbrake.

Step 2 - Configure Handbrake Preference Settings

  • Start HandBrake and go to menu Tools/Preferences.
  • Go to menu item General and set When done = Quit HandBrake.
  • Go to menu item Output Files and set Automatic File Naming = Automatically name output files.
  • At Default path press Browse and select the output folder location for your video renders.
  • At File Format predefine a desired file name for your output file. Leaving the default at {source}-{title} is OK for most people.
  • At MP4 File Extension select Always use MP4.
  • Quit HandBrake. This saves the preferences made.

handbrake frameserve preference settings 1 thumbnail   handbrake frameserve preference settings 2 thumbnail

Step 3 - Customizing Handbrake Settings

Beginners Guide for how to use Handbrake

If you would now like to render your final delivery video using Handbrake, I recommend you read and watch my detailed beginners guide for how to use Handbrake here:
How to use Handbrake 1.1.1 - Beginners Guide for Exporting Video

There is an online instruction manual for the use of HandBrake at HandBrake.fr.
There are lots of other detailed descriptions of HandBrake adjustments, just like the ones at mattgadient.com.

Step 4 - Install DebugMode FrameServer

There are 2 different versions of DebugMode FrameServer available.
Download version 2.15 if you are using Vegas Pro 13, 14 or 15.
Download version 2.14 if you are using Vegas Pro 12 or older. 

Before you install DebugMode FrameServer, please read the following instructions very carefully.

Vegas Pro 12 or older

Install version 2.14 with no modifications

Vegas Pro 13

Install version 2.15 with no modifications

Vegas Pro 14

Install version 2.15 and make the following changes to the Setup Installer.
Slowly proceed through each window during the installation process, until you reach the Installation Directory window.
For Vegas Pro 14 users, change the installation directory to C:\Program Files\Vegas\Vegas Pro 14.0

debug frameserver setup installer vegas pro 14

Vegas Pro 15

Install version 2.15 and make the following changes to the Setup Installer.
Slowly proceed through each window during the installation process, until you reach the Installation Directory window.
For Vegas Pro 14 users, change the installation directory to C:\Program Files\Vegas\Vegas Pro 14.0

debug frameserver setup installer vegas pro 15

Step 5 - Configuring Preferences for DebugMode FrameServer

After FrameServer is installed, start Vegas Pro and import a video into the timeline.

Go to File / Render As.

Select DebugMode FrameServer as the Format and Project Default as the Template.

vegas pro render as debugmode frameserver 1

Press the Render button to open the FrameServer window.

frameserver setup 1

Set Video Output = RGB32

Select Write Audio as PCM samples in Signpost AVI

Press Next, to start frameserving and after a short while press Stop to quit frameserving again.

frameserver setup 2

Finally you can quit Vegas Pro. This saves the preferences made to DebugMode's FrameServer.

Step 6 - Install AviSynth

Download and install AviSynth_260.exe
Press green download button to download file.

Begin installation of program and when you get to the Choose Components window,
set Select the type of install = Standard.

avisynth installer standard

Step 7 - Install Pismo File Mount Audit Package

Go to Pismotec.com and locate Pismo File Mount Audit Package at top of page.
Select Download Windows Install Package

Install pfmap-191-win.exe

Step 8 - Download FrameServer Scripts

The original scripts were created by www.vegasvideo.de. As I mentioned at the start of this article, the original website that created the first Vegas to Handbrake tutorial, no longer exists. I haved saved a carbon copy of the original fs2hb_en_03.zip file and uploaded it to the Movie Studio Zen server.

Download this zip file:  zipfs2hb_en_03.zip1.08 MB

To un-zip downloaded file, right-click and select Extract All...

Inside folder fs2hb_en_03 you will find 2 folders and 2 text files.
frameserve_scripts
frameserver
installation.txt
ReadMe.txt

Step 9 - Install Frameserver Scripts

Step 9.1 - Move folder "frameserve_scripts" into folder "Script Menu"

Move the folder frameserve_scripts into the folder Script Menu, for the version of Vegas Pro you have installed.

Vegas Pro 13 users move folder frameserve_scripts into this folder here:
C:\Program Files\Sony\Vegas Pro 13.0\Script Menu\

Vegas Pro 14 users move folder frameserve_scripts into this folder here:
C:\Program Files\Vegas\Vegas Pro 14.0\Script Menu\

Vegas Pro 15 users move folder frameserve_scripts into this folder here:
C:\Program Files\Vegas\Vegas Pro 15.0\Script Menu\

Step 9.2 - Move folder "frameserver" into C:\

Next move the folder frameserver to the main partition C:\
This is critical because all the scripts and batch files used in this process refer to this path.
In this folder there also is AVFS, a virtual file system for AviSynth. AVFS - Avisynth Virtual File System

frameserver in c drive

Progressive vs Interlaced Video

The given workflow is based on using progressive video only. If you use interlaced video only and your Vegas Pro project properties are set to interlaced video, you need to modify the AviSynth script used. If you use interlaced video, open the file "vegas.avs" (path C:\frameserver) using Windows Notepad, delete the line "Assume FrameBased ()" and save the modified file anew.

Step 10 - Modifying Script Files for Vegas Pro 14 and 15

If you are using Vegas Pro 14 or Vegas Pro 15, there are 2 different sets of files you need to edit, otherwise nothing will work for you. It is extremely important that you complete both tasks with 100% accuracy!

Step 10.1 - Edit frameserve_script files inside of Vegas Script Menu program files

Vegas Pro 14 and 15 did not exist when the original script was written, so if you are using either one of these versions of Vegas, you need to make a small modification to the script.

Because the script file is located in the Programs Folder, you will need to edit the file in Administrator mode on your computer.
Go to the Windows Search box near Windows Start button and type Notepad.
Right-click Notepad in the search results and select Run As Administrator.
Select File/Open and navigate to one of the folder addresses below.
To see the files inside, you will need to change the File Documents (*.txt) box in lower right corner to All Files (*.*)

In folder C:\Program Files\VEGAS\VEGAS Pro 14.0\Script Menu\frameserve_scripts
          or C:\Program Files\VEGAS\VEGAS Pro 15.0\Script Menu\frameserve_scripts
find the file Send2HandBrake.js

Open the file in Notepad (as explained above) or your preferred text editor and modify line #2
change from

import Sony.Vegas;

to

import ScriptPortal.Vegas;

then go to File / Save

editing script files in notepad 1

Step 10.2 - Edit frameserver files in your C:\ directory

The editing you are about to do, is necessary because of a program update made to Handbrake, starting from version 1.0.1. At the time of publishing this tutorial guide, I am using Handbrake version 1.1.0.

Once again you will need to start Notepad in Administrator mode, otherwise Windows will not allow you to save the changes you are about to make!

Open to this folder address: C:\frameserver\batch
Open file start_vegas2handbrake.bat

Locate this section of the file (near end)

:hbstart
start handbrake "C:\Volumes\vegas.avs\vegas.avi"
:waitforhandbrake
timeout /t 3 /nobreak
tasklist | findstr /i "Handbrake.exe"

Change file to this and then go to File / Save

:hbstart
start "" CALL "C:\Program Files\HandBrake\HandBrake" "C:\Volumes\vegas.avs\vegas.avi"
:waitforhandbrake
timeout /t 3 /nobreak
tasklist | findstr /i "Handbrake.exe"

Step 11 - Adding Script Shortcuts to Vegas Pro

Now open Vegas Pro and refresh the script menu.
Go to Tools / Scripting and select Rescan Script Menu Folder.
You will now see your new script installed here:

scripts menu vegas pro 1

If you would like to add Shortcuts to your Vegas Pro Toolbar, do this:
Open menu Options / Customize Toolbar
In the left pane of the Customize Toolbar window, select the script Send2HandBrake and press Add button.
In the left pane of the Customize Toolbar window, select the script unmount and press Add button.
Now quit Vegas Pro.

customize toolbar vegas pro 1

customize toolbar vegas pro 2

Special Note about Virus Scanners and .exe files inside of Folder

This warning is from the original documentation posted on www.vegasvideo.de. I have not experienced any problems with virus scanners on my own computer, but thought I should include this info, just in case you experience this problem. Inside the folder located here C:\frameserver\batch you will find enter.exe and stop_rendere.exe.

Maybe a virus scanner like Avast will scan the files enter.exe and stop_render.exe each time you'll start this process. This would delay some important processes and bug the timing of the automation so it could no longer work correctly. If this happens you either need to stop frameserving manually and then in Vegas Pro click the script icon "unmount". Or you need to start the file "unmount.bat" (path: C:\frameserver\batch) to quit still running background automation processes.

Maybe you'd better let both files "enter.exe" and "stop_render.exe" (path: "frameserver/batch") scan once manually by your virus scanner and then define an exception for these two files to prevent rescanning again and again.

Congratulations!

You have now completed all the installations and configurations needed!
Now it is very easy to use HandBrake for your AVC encoding from Vegas Pro.

How to use Vegas-to-HandBrake in Vegas Pro

Step 1 - Create a project

Drag a clip (or several clips) into the Vegas Pro timeline and edit your project.

Step 2 - Add a 1 second buffer before you send to Handbrake

You need to add a 1 second buffer to the end of your timeline, to correct an audio bug of the FrameServer. To do so, use an empty event or a solid color event (or something else) of exactly 1 second length or use the loop-region expanded to exactly 1 more second. Personally I have found creating a Loop-Region is the best method.

Loop-region method

2.1 Locate the true end of your project and take a note of the Timecode at cursor. Example 00:01:00;17
2.2 Add 1 second of time to timecode at cursor. Example 00:01:00;17 + 00:00:01;00 = 00:01:01:17
2.3 Add a new Marker by pressing M at the +1 second point (calculated above) at end of last event on timeline.
2.4 Drag out a Loop-Region on your timeline, that extends from 00:00:00;00 - to the +1 second Marker point.

vegas pro timeline1 second 2

vegas pro timeline1 loop region 2

Step 3 - Sending Vegas output to Handbrake

In the Vegas Pro toolbar click the icon Send2HandBrake and wait. It will take about 10 seconds to send the current Vegas Pro project to HandBrake (complex or long projects could need longer). While you are waiting, do nothing. Don't press any key and do not click anywhere. Just wait until HandBrake gets started and finishes scanning the input video.

If you created a loop-region in the Vegas timeline, this process will automatically use only the timeline section of your loop-region for encoding. So before starting the Vegas2HandBrake process, always remember to create your +1 second loop-region.

A Windows Security Warning may pop up. If this happens, do not worry. Allow file to Run.

windows security warning start vegas2handbrake

The Command Prompt and FrameServer windows will now pop-up and start to run.
Be patient and wait for everything to process. Handbrake will open last and scan through your project first.

Step 4 - Select a Preset or Create your own Presets in Handbrake

After Handbrake has finished scanning your project, you then need to tell Handbrake which render settings you want to use. You can select one of the included Presets or manually use your own settings and save a new custom preset.

Step 5 - Start Encoding your Video

To begin rendering your video, press the Start Encode button. When HandBrake has finished the render process, HandBrake will quit automatically. If there is an empty Command Prompt window left open in Vegas, type exit to close the window.

If this process is interrupted, intentionally or not, quit the frameserve process manually in Vegas Pro, then in the toolbar click the icon unmount. If Vegas Pro crashes, freezes or is already closed (so you can't access the icon unmount) you could also start the file unmount.bat (path: C:\frameserver\batch). If you experience any other errors that refuse to clear, simply re-boot your computer.

That's it. You have officially reached the end of this epic tutorial.

Once again, I cannot take any credit for the invention of this Vegas-to-Handbrake "recipe". My objective in this tutorial, was simply to collate all the latest information from various sources and present it in an easy to follow guide. If you experience any problems with this workflow, please remember to triple check that you followed all the steps correctly!

Understanding the Settings in Handbrake

Next week I will upload a new tutorial, which explains the many of the important settings in Handbrake.

Related Topics and Tutorials

How to export Cineform video with Vegas Pro and Vegas Movie Studio Platinum
How to export Avid DNxHD video with Vegas Pro and Vegas Movie Studio Platinum
How to export video from Vegas Movie Studio Platinum to Handbrake
How to use Handbrake 1.1.1 - Beginners Guide for Exporting Video

 

2 for 1 deal!
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About Derek Moran
Derek Moran is the author of all articles on Movie Studio Zen.
You can find me on YouTube, , FacebookTwitterRead more about Derek...

 

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  • Your comment will be reviewed by a moderator before it is published on the site.
    Qonqueror · 21:58 21/07/2018
    Is there a way to get 2-Pass Encoding working in Handbrake, while using Vegas to Handbrake? That would not cause better Quality, but more efficient Compression.
    • Your comment will be reviewed by a moderator before it is published on the site.
      Derek
      • Moderator
      · 23:31 21/07/2018
      You can set Handbrake to encode any way you like, when using the Vegas to Handbrake method.
      At Step 4 at the end of this tutorial, you can set any preset or use your own settings before the render begins. It's up to you, to do your own encoding experiments with Handbrake. I would recommend creating a test 5 minute video and then render it using different settings over and over again. Then you can compare quality vs file size. I recommend this video by YouTube channel klicksphilip:
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fGPgW9TAnFQ
      Have you read and/or watched my new Beginners Guide for how to use Handbrake yet ?
      https://www.moviestudiozen.com/free-tutorials/miscellaneous-help-tutorials/595-handbrake-v1-1-1-beginners-guide-for-best-video-export-settings
      • Your comment will be reviewed by a moderator before it is published on the site.
        Qonqueror · 03:03 22/07/2018
        I know how to use Handbrake, but its not caused by Handbrake on its own, for 2-Pass Encoding it requires the Videostream to be transfered twice.

        At the curerent state, the Encoding aborts after the First-Pass, because it gets no Videostream to work with.

        Im fine with 1-Pass Encoding, because same Quality and 2-Pass gives only better Compression (with double the Rendertime), but I was mainly asking because its automaticly activated when you set a Avg. Bitrate instead of the Quality Slider. This could cause some encoding Problems when someone does not know, that 2-Pass Endcoding does not work with this particular Script.


        Direct Communication with Handbrake would be nice, that the script can detect the Encoding Settings to allow 2-Pass Encoding. But i think thats not possible, because the Script is quite "dumb" and the Handbrake Devs. need to integrate that functionalty.
        • Your comment will be reviewed by a moderator before it is published on the site.
          Derek
          • Moderator
          · 13:11 22/07/2018
          Now I understand EXACTLY what you actually meant.
          I never use the rendering method you are trying to use in Handbrake.
          There is only one way to do what you are trying to do, if you are not going to use the preferred Handbrake rendering method.
          You can't use the Vegas to Handbrake script.
          You will have to use the double-render method.
          Render your video in Vegas to Avid DNxHD first - this will create a high quality intermediate video. Then import this into Handbrake and render the way you want.
          https://www.moviestudiozen.com/free-tutorials/sony-vegas-pro/593-render-avid-dnxhd-video-vegas-pro-movie-studio
  • Your comment will be reviewed by a moderator before it is published on the site.
    henk
    • Member
    · 01:50 12/06/2018
    Good tutorial! I immediately carried out all instructions (I have Vegas Pro 15) and rendered a short video shot with my Panasonic SD900 camcorder of 2013 (HD 50 fps, 26 Mbps) both with HandBrake, with Magix AVC (Main Concept) and with Sony AVC, all with 15 Mbps. The render quality was best in this same order: the trees in the background have more detail, so have faces from a distance, written text is just slightly sharper. But: if you only have the Magix or Sony AVC, you're happy with it. Worth while for the perfectionist!
    • Your comment will be reviewed by a moderator before it is published on the site.
      Derek
      • Moderator
      · 08:36 12/06/2018
      Hi Henk
      Thanks for the report back.
      Handbrake has a large amount of settings you can dial in, once you know what they mean.
      There are some forum members on the official Magix Vegas Pro Forums, that have uploaded their recipes from time to time.
      • Your comment will be reviewed by a moderator before it is published on the site.
        MosaicProductions
        • Member
        · 18:15 09/07/2018
        The simplest and most important setting for me is the option to use CRF (constant rate factor) when encoding, which aims at providing a video of a specific quality level, as specified by the user. That means it will use more bits in fast action scenes and less when not required. This is the biggest omission from the Magix/MainConcept CODEC, where one is limited to CBR or VBR. This is only OK if size doesn't matter, as you can just throw more bits at it to ensure your results meet your quality requirements.
  • Your comment will be reviewed by a moderator before it is published on the site.
    huskereurocat
    • Member
    · 01:59 11/06/2018
    Outstanding instructions Derek! I was noticing that Movie Studio will not work with this and I have version 15.0 of that. Is the picture quality of the frame server with Handbrake worth spend significantly more cash for the upgrade to Vegas Pro? I haven't checked yet, but I would think that Magix has the try before you buy option with Vegas Pro like they did with the MS series so that may be an option. But the extra cash is the bigger issue, for me at least.
    • Your comment will be reviewed by a moderator before it is published on the site.
      Derek
      • Moderator
      · 10:52 11/06/2018
      This tutorial and technique is only for advanced users.
      I resisted trying this technique for many years, because I was perfectly happy with the output from Vegas.
      Remember that v15 of Vegas Movie Studio uses the new Magix AVC encoder - if you have a modern Nvidia GPU and/or Intel CPU, the new Magix encoder does a great job and is much faster than in older versions of Vegas. I think the main people that would use the Handbrake encoder, are gamers that record gameplay and upload it to YouTube. This is because gameplay has lots of fast moving scenes, which don't encode very well with the included Vegas encoders.
      If you are working with "everyday" video, you probably don't need to worry about using Handbrake.
      If you would like to give it a go, yes you can download a free trial for Vegas Pro.
      Vegas Pro 15 Edit is $200 right now, if you use the Ad on this page.
      Cheers Derek
      • Your comment will be reviewed by a moderator before it is published on the site.
        huskereurocat
        • Member
        · 11:53 11/06/2018
        Thanks for the tip! I record, edit, commentate and upload football to my youtube channel. If Handbrake has a better encoder then that may be the option I should give serious thought to. Thanks again.
        • Your comment will be reviewed by a moderator before it is published on the site.
          Derek
          • Moderator
          · 12:24 11/06/2018
          Handbrake does seem to better at rendering fast moving action, like sport.
          Also, anything with lots of green (like grass and trees) always seems to do better in Handbrake.
  • Your comment will be reviewed by a moderator before it is published on the site.
    Woggle
    • Member
    · 19:01 10/06/2018
    Thank you, it was easy to follow and worked perfectly.
    • Your comment will be reviewed by a moderator before it is published on the site.
      Derek
      • Moderator
      · 20:32 10/06/2018
      Cheers

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